in Firearm History
Frequently Asked Questions
(From the Cody Firearms Museum)
Links to Forums
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History of a Gun
by Jim Supica
And Military Records
Museums With Arms Exhibits
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M1917 Enfield Parts
Enfield Sling Instructions
Garand Disassembly and Parts
Cartridge Research Association
of American Bayonet Collectors
(From Empire Arms. Use at own risk.)
(& Factory Letters)
Codes & Markings
Antiques Roadshow Advice
Article by Jim Supica
Article by David Kopel
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for Uniform Display
Make them yourself!
RELATIFS FRANÇAIS DE LA GUERRE CIVILE AMÉRICAINE
1 DE 3
Related Pistols of the American Civil War
1 of 3
This is the first of three photo discourses on French related revolvers
used in the American Civil War. These pistols, as pictured below,
are from top to bottom:
Liege manufactured E. LeFaucheux Brevete 6 shot, 12 millimeter
(.47 cal.) pinfire cartridge single action revolver.
Paris, France made Perrin 6 shot, 12 millimeter (.47 cal.) center
fire internal primed cartridge double action only revolver.
unmarked George Raphael 6 shot, 11 millimeter (.42 cal) center
fire internal primed cartridge double action revolver.
MANUFACTURED E. LEFAUCHEUX BREVETE
12 MILLIMETER PINFIRE CARTRIDGE SINGLE ACTION REVOLVER
This weapon is 12¼" in a straight line from the end of the
butt to the front of the 6-1/8" long barrel. It has dark walnut
finely checked two piece grips. There is a lanyard ring in
the metal capped butt. There is a spur on the trigger guard.
It is Liege proofed under E. LeFaucheux license. The proof
and special markings are shown in the following photographs.
About 12,000 of the LeFaucheux army type revolvers were purchased
for the Union Army during the Civil War. Some were also purchased
by the South and still many, many more were privately purchased
by soldiers and officers on both sides.
Probably the most notable person to carry one was Stonewall Jackson.
However, it wasn't this one. This one has a "W B O" stamped
into the upper left grip just to the rear of a scalloped design.
Below that stamping is stamped a minuscule "OHIO" . It is so small,
like in 4 or 5 point type that it must be read with a magnifying
glass. However, thanks to the magic of a brand new digital
camera, it can be seen in the following photograph.
The frame is marked horizontally on the left side "E.LEFAUCHEUX"
over "INVR BREVETE". To the right is stamped vertically a "T" under
a crown. The serial number of the gun is on the same side below
the cylinder above the trigger guard. It is stamped horizontally
The cylinder is stamped with a "E" over "LG" in an oval. To
the rear of that marking is a "T" under a crown. To
the left, one cylinder stop, is a "L" under a crown (not shown).
On the bottom of the barrel just forward of the ejector housing
is another crown over "L" and a parts number, a "10" or a "19" (
The second digit has been over stamped). A script "D" is on the
bottom of the ejector housing.
On the rear of the cylinder is the parts number "10" or "19".
In this picture one can see the slot that the upright pin on the
pinfire cartridge slides into. The metallic pin fire cartridge
is on the right. When the trigger is pulled the hammer falls
on the upright pin and drives it into a firing cap which is inside
the copper cartridge under the pin. This, of course, ignites
the powder in back of the lead bullet and propels the bullet on
its way. Pull! Squish! Bang! Whizzzzzz.......
A picture showing the view of the bottom of the pistol follows:
Let's hear it for the Pinfire Pistol. All together now!
"Viva la France
- et hooray pour le pistolet de pinfire"!
out for yourself!)
Be sure to join us next week for Part 2 of 3, a pictorial
discourse on the French Perrin Revolver.
Thank you for viewing this presentation. My son, Reed Radcliffe,
the webmaster, also thanks you.